Due to the increase in man’s industrial activities the earth has been experiencing a lot of climatic changes. The release of these greenhouse gases has increased the greenhouse effect around the earth. The greenhouse effect is a phenomenon in which the heat from the sun is trapped on Earth. This procedure has made the Earth warmer than it should be.
Many countries around the world are experiencing increases in temperature which can lead to different natural disasters ranging from drought to desertification amongst others.
Today Africa is considered to be the hottest continent in the world. Africa is home to many hot countries including Mali which is said to be the hottest country in the whole world. Nigeria also ranks among the top hottest countries in Africa.
Which State has the Hottest Weather in Nigeria?
Borno state is considered the hottest state in Nigeria. Not only because of its proximity to the desert but also because of its high population.
Borno state records an average temperature of 105°f (42°C) which is a relatively high temperature. Borno state is warm all year round. It experiences an average of 11 rainy days mostly between June and September. The state experiences little to no rain, if it does rain it is limited to showers and it is warm even on rainy days.
What Makes Borno the Hottest State in Nigeria?
The hottest part of Nigeria is the Northern region of Nigeria. This is due to its proximity to a region known as the Sahel an Arabic word that means “shore” this is the edge of the Sahara desert. Over time the Northern parts have been experiencing encroachment by the Sahara. Thus, northern states are prone to extreme weather conditions, extreme cold, or extreme heat which is a common phenomenon in deserts.
Borno state is in the northeast geopolitical zone of Nigeria with its capital in Maiduguri. It is the second largest state in Nigeria, and as of 2019 the 13th most populous in the country with a population of over 4 million people. This coupled with its proximity to the Sahara makes it very warm. The state is filled with mainly Hausas and Fulanis. Agriculture is one of the state’s major sources of revenue. It is involved in the production of cash crops like groundnut, cotton, millet, and sesame. They also produce food crops such as cassava, sweet potato, cowpea, sorghum, millet, and rice.
Top 10 Hottest States in Nigeria
- Sokoto the temperature here varies between 28°C to 40°C depending on the time of the day.
- Jigawa state has an average daily temperature of 36°C
- Kwara state has an average daily temperature of 34°C
- Benue state experiences an average daily temperature of 36°C
- Kano state has the same average daily temperature of 36°C as Benue state.
- Edo state has a daily temperature average of 30°C
- Kebbi state with a daily average temperature of 41°C
- Zamfara state with a daily average temperature of 34°C
- Gombe state with a daily average temperature of 39°C
- Bauchi state with a daily average temperature of 41°C
Which State has the Coldest Weather in Nigeria?
The coldest part of Nigeria is Jos in Plateau state. The temperature of this region is said to drop lower than 13°C during the period of the East trade wind, known as Harmattan. This is due to the city’s higher elevation. Temperature tends to be lower in regions of higher elevation where the pressure is lower. During Harmattan periods Nigeria experiences its coldest days
Unlike many other countries in the world, Nigeria has only three seasons
- Wet season: this typically occurs between April to October this season is mostly characterized by daily rainfall
- Dry season: this is between November to March during this period Nigerians experience a period of sunshine on a regular basis.
- Harmattan season (East trade wind) this period is associated with dry winds and dusty with fogs during the early hours of the day. This period can be anytime between December and March. It usually lasts up to two or three weeks yearly.
Top 10 Hottest Countries in the World
- Burkina Faso
- Saudi Arabia